The Sumerian five pointed star

There is this relief Nr. VA/243  in the Middle East Museum in Berlin, that I have been standing in front of and  admired many times.

It is not particularly big  but full of symbols and items which, long before I came to astrology,  have fascinated me.

It shows a sitting figure – apparently some kind of authority  – and two men standing in front of him.

The king or master has something in his hands that reminds me of a sextant (an instrument used to measure angles between the horizon and celestial objects) or even a telescope with two different scopes.

The standing figure on the left has a similar instrument. There are also two objects that look like big pins, something to fix a starting and an ending point.

But the most puzzling detail is certainly the five pointed star. The Pentastar, so to speak.

There is no fantasy needed to understand that this group of objects refers to celestial objects. It would be really hard to pretend it being anything else. In that case, the three men must be astronomers.

The Pentastar is the biggest object. It is surrounded by twelve objects of different sizes which pretty much resemble modern representations of our Solar system. In that case, the five pointed star would represent the Sun.

This fact alone, the representation of  a clearly  heliocentric planetary system would already represent a shock to all those who believe that  the sun centered model was discovered only a few millennia later, not to mention the number of planets surronding the Sun.

Kids design stars  in a similar fashion still today: A circle surrounded by rays, usually of varying numbers. So is it just that or might there be another reason why this star has five rays?

In his book another Genesis, Zecharia Sitchin points to the discovery of the High Altitude Observatory in Colorado which in the 80ies  took photos of the Sun during a total solar eclipse. On these old photos the Sun is seen as emitting five rays.

Fascinated by this I tried to zoom on the Sun during a normal day and during a day of a total solar eclipse with the help of Stellarium.

First I show you the zoomed Sun on a normal day.

The next photos shows the eclipsed Sun.

I have checked it over and over again on different dates. The Sun always appears to emit exactly 5 bundles of rays. One very large on one side, one on the top, one on the bottom and two on the other side.

The five rays  seem to be far more visible during an eclipse but they do, however always show up with the right equipment.

Zooming into the relief it appears as there is the over-layer of the Moon on top of the Pentastar in the left angle, which would indeed indicate an eclipse.

Using the upcoming  2024 solar eclipse, I followed the path of the eclipse second for second, with the location set for Austin, USA . At a certain point these five rays become visible like a flash. It only takes a few fragments of seconds but I tried is many times with always the same result.

Knowing this, can we still be sure that the Pentastar is nothing else than a kid’s scribble or did the Sumerians know way more than we usually assume they did?

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